Python basics: finding files

Here’s a little snippet showing two ways to search for files. It highlights a potential issue when creating cross-platform code.

#!/usr/bin/env pythonimport os,fnmatch

def getfiles(path,filename):    """Recursively search a path and generate a list of files found

        Takes a filesystem path and filename as an argument. The path is        recursively searched for filename. Returns a list of each file found        (in absolute path format) with the first element of the list set to        'start'

        Taken from Python tutor list.    """    filelist = ['start']    for root, dirs, files in os.walk(path):        for name in files:            a = os.path.join(root, name)            if os.path.isfile(a) and fnmatch.fnmatch(a, filename):                filelist.append(a)    return filelist

def filefind(path,filename):    """ Using posix find to accomplish a similar filename search

    This was done on a Mac...  Note the need to include -H to follow symbolic    links on the Mac version. Not present in the Linux version.  Points out why    the above is superior, especially given that find doesn't exist in the same    way on the PC.    """    fp = os.popen('find -H %s -name %s' % (path, filename))    print 'Executing find -H %s -name %s' % (path, filename)    filelist = fp.readlines()    for i in range(len(filelist)):        # chop off trailing newline        filelist[i] = filelist[i][:-1]    return filelist

if __name__ == "__main__":    filelist = filefind('/tmp','*.*')    print "Filelist: ", filelist    filelist = getfiles('/tmp','*.*')    # Done to get rid of the 'start' that is the first element of the list    print "Getfiles: ", filelist[1:]

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